The course will show how residential segregation was neither normal nor natural, but invented by the organized real estate industry. The first all-white neighborhoods were created not in the South but a mile from Berkeley’s campus. Racial deed restrictions, homeowner associations, redlining maps, and federal rationales for excluding minorities were all pioneered by America’s realtors. To justify continuing segregation at the height of the Civil Rights Movement, realtors developed an idea of American freedom as the right to discriminate that has dominated our politics for the last half century. The course will show how residential segregation transformed America in ways that continue to shape the country today.

Learning Objectives:

– The history of and restrictions on equal access to housing.
– How the past shapes the differential resources of minorities and other families for buying and renting today.
– Why fair housing has had such a limited role in desegregating our cities.
– The consequences of this history for conditions of neighborhoods and metropolitan areas today

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